Waterfalls are the most common model for structuring equity in real estate investments. Waterfalling is when you first use your cash flow to buy the property and then sell it in chunks. It is similar to how banks work; you put money into a bank account and get it back along with interest.
In a real estate waterfall model, the investor receives the first chunk of cashback and then pays back the investment with an interest rate.
Waterfalls Are The Basic Structure for Structuring Equity
This method of investing offers several advantages. It’s flexible because it allows you to put multiple investors together. You don’t have to commit all your money at once.
You can spread it out with time if you have sufficient cash flow to invest. And it is easy because buyers will always pay more than what they own on their mortgages or other debts simply because they are desperate for hard assets like real estate that appreciate with time.
Return Of Principal And Return Of Invested Capital
The return of principal and return of invested capital doesn’t mean the same thing. The return of principal refers to the amount you get back when you sell your investment, usually through a sale or refinancing. The return on your investment is calculated by subtracting any fees from your total gain.
The difference between the two is called “return on equity.” It represents how much money was added to your portfolio by investing in real estate, minus all costs associated with owning it, including taxes, maintenance fees, and vacancies.
Investors In A Syndication Pay Equity
They pay for the right to share in the profits and losses of their investment, and they also receive a commission from all the profits, usually paid out at regular intervals over time. The amount of equity paid depends on an investor’s risk tolerance and projected cash flow. It is generally between 20% and 80% of the total purchase price.
Range Of Waterfall Models
Return of capital first, the return of equity is the simplest model because it requires you to make a profit at the end of each year. So, your return on investment is calculated by subtracting your cost from the sale price and dividing that number by the total assets invested in real estate.
Return of capital first, the ROCE is similar but adds another step where you take out some cash flow. Hence, after making money off one asset class like commercial or residential properties, you can reinvest it elsewhere without losing any value over time due to inflationary pressures below market rates.”
The Order Of The Waterfall Matters
The order of the real estate waterfall model matters, and it depends on who controls the cash flows and costs.
Different kinds of real estate projects have their unique waterfall model. For example, some are more complex than others. Still, all have one thing in common – someone responsible for managing each phase of a project then passes those responsibilities down to another person or group when they complete their part of the process.
Thus, there are many ways to structure an equity waterfall. Each model has its advantages, so you must find the one that works best for you as a real estate syndication. Understanding what your investors want and how they will get it is essential.